Vastu Shastra In Architecture | Vastu Shastra In Hindi


What is Vastu Shastra in Architecture in हिंदी के लिए यंहा Click करें.

Vastu Shastra has its own importance in architecture. It’s a very vast subject, so it’s not possible to present a detailed description in one post. We have created a separate column for this topic (VASTU & ARCHITECTURE). In which you will find many posts related to Vastu in both languages Hindi and English.

In this post, you will find. What is the relationship between Vastu and Architecture? What is Vastu Purusha Mandala? What are the Basic Elements of Vastu Shastra or Panchamabhuta? What is the importance of directions, Designing & Planning of Site, Proportions & Measurements, Aesthetic of the building, Elements of Vedic Architecture?


  • Vastu is a place where people lives & function their work. According to the historic Indian text, ‘Vastu’ means ‘balanced land for the house’. 
  • In Sanskrit, ‘Vastu’ means ‘nature, environment or surroundings’ & ‘Shastra’ means ‘system’.
  • Vastu Shastra is an ancient art and science, which containing some basic principles and practices of designing or construction of a building. They also create a harmonious balance between the people and nature and also brings happiness, health, wealth & prosperity.
  • Vastu Shastra is based on ‘Vedas’ as an ancient architectural tradition of India. It also means ‘living space or dwelling space’.


Vastu Purusha Mandala is a chart or a diagram which shows the position of 45 God’s (32 in the external unit and 13 in the internal unit). The diagram is prepared by using an equal small unit (9 x 9=81 Units) or place of particular God’s. According to this diagram, the house is designed with a balanced environment, good disposition of sunlight, ventilation and privacy.

  • Vastu is a model of the universe which provides fundamentals for designing a structure or building or dwelling space.
  • Purusha is the universal man, representing energy, consciousness and logical rationale in this constructive creative universe.
  • Mandala is a symbolic expression of the plan of the universe which creates a relationship between people, nature & structure.

Also read:- Temple Architecture

Basic Elements of Vastu Shastra or Panchamabhuta

Vastu Shastra provides guidelines for planning villages and building adobes which meant to be free of destructive elements and radiations and structures are in complete harmony with the cosmic forces. They harmonized with ‘Panchmahabhuta’s’ or the five basic elements: 

  • Prithvi (earth)
  • Aakaash (space)
  • Vayu (air)
  • Jal (water)
  • Agni (fire)

Vastu shastra principles provide guidelines for the design of the building as well as planning of cities and town. Some fundamental principles of Vastu Shastra in which Vedic science of architecture rest upon:

Importance of Directions:

In Vastu, the east and north direction are considered as the most important directions, because of its beliefs that the sun rays are a vital source of life on earth. The orientation of the sun plays a very important role in day-to-day life.

Designing & Planning of Site (based on Vastu Purusha Mandala):

In simple words, Vastu means ‘environment or surrounding’, Purusha means ‘energy’ and Mandala means ‘a chart which relates the layout of the orientation as well as the places of different God’s.

Proportions & Measurements (Mana):

The proportions and measurements are as old as Indian architecture. So, it is also essential to all creative activity. Ayadi Calculation, the important part of Veda’s. Ayadi calculation is a technological application for building design as well as the construction of the building. This calculation works on some important aspects of the site like the orientation of the sun, wind directions, natural features or qualities, etc.

Aesthetic of the building:

The aesthetic is ‘the character of the building’. The structural aspects of the building show the rhythmic nature from the plan to the vertical section of the building, like poetry or story which flow in a rhythm.

Elements of Vedic Architecture:

It is based on the six main components of the building structures-

  • Aadhistaana (Base or Platform of the building)
  • Stambha (Column’s- the bone of the building)
  • Prastara (Entablature- the decorative neck of the building)
  • Karna (Wings- shows the nature of the building)
  • Shikhara (Roof- the head of the building)
  • Stupa (Dome- the crown of the building)
Vastu Shastra  In  Architecture
Vastu Shastra In Architecture


This post relates a basic introduction about Vastu Shastra in Architecture, as we all know it is a very vast topic with various details about the elements, positions of God’s, directions of Wind and Sun, etc. We will cover all the topics related to Vastu in Architecture in our upcoming posts.

Vastu Shastra in architecture PDF In English

To see more interesting posts related to architecture, you can visit the home page of Architecture In Hindi. Click here for the home page.

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